Pharmacognostic analysis of palm oil [Elaeis guinensis Linn. (Arecaceae)] and it’s use in treating nasal congestion

Ukwubile Cletus Anes

Abstract


The use of palm oil in Nigeria can be traced to time before 19th century. Since then, it has found its use in cooking, soap making, cream making, and additives to drugs in pharmaceutical industries. This recent study was undertaken to analyse the Pharmacognostic parameters of palm oil and then evaluate its use in traditional medicine for treating nasal congestion. Numerical properties of palm oil (fixed oil) such as saponification value, acid value, iodine value, melting point, ester value, acetyl value as well as saturated and unsaturated bonds percentage   where determined. In vivo experiment using six laboratory mice were conducted to know if palm oil can produce total clearance of nasal congestion in the animals. Results showed that saponification value was greater than other values by having 248.1, iodine value was 13.7, melting point was 30OC, and others fall within the standard values. Topical applications of palm oil in nasal cavity of five laboratory mice produced total nasal clearance of mucous membrane after four days of application, and induced normal breath in the mice. This was however statistically significance different from mouse 6 that was treated using procold® tablet 5 mg/kg (PT Kable Farma Tbk, Indonesia) at P≤0.05 (ANOVA). Increase in temperature was reduced to normal after clearance in the nasal cavities; hence anti-inflammation of mucous membrane was therapeutically affected by palm oil application. The study showed that palm oil can be used to treat both chronic and acute nasal congestion in traditional medicine.

Keywords


Palm oil; Nasal congestion; Treating, Clearance; Therapeutically; Traditional medicine

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